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Clean Slate Now Early Analysis of Campaign Finance Reports for Denver City Council Candidates

A frequent request we have received in the past at Clean Slate Now is for an analysis of campaign contributions in local elections, including for city, school board, and county offices.  Our first such analysis will be on the current campaigns for Denver City Council. 

In our past reports, we have analyzed campaign contributions based on how much of the money raised by current office holders were from special interest group political action committees (PACs).  The campaign finance rules in Denver, however, are quite different than the rules for Congress or State Legislature.  In most states and at the federal level, contributions are only permitted from people, PACs, party committees, or other candidates' committees.

In Denver, corporations, unions, and other organizations are allowed to donate directly to municipal candidates.  The money does not need to originate from an actual humane being.

Fortunately, only people are allowed to be candidates.

There are 42 candidates who made it on the ballot for one of the 11 City Council District seats, or the two At-Large Council seats.  Only 37 of those candidates have raised any money at this point, and seven have raised all of their money from people only, while 30 of them have already accepted money from an organization.

For our analysis, we consider all contributions from businesses, unions, PACs, and other organizations the same - as forms of special interest groups. 

Each candidate's campaign finance reports are available on the Denver Clerk and Recorder's website.

Click here for Clean Slate Now's summary of total funds raised and amounts from organizations for each council candidate.

Here are the key findings we have seen in the reports filed so far: 

Candidates for Denver City Council get a smaller percentage of their money from special interest groups than do state legislators and members of Congress.  On average, candidates for Denver City Council have raised just 13% of their campaign funds from corporations, PACs, and other organizations.  That is far below the 47% for the average member of the House of Representatives.  Even City Council incumbents have raised only 17% of their campaign funds from organizations, while 83% has come from actual people. 

 Denver_vs_other_PAC_money_report.jpg

Denver's loose restrictions on donations have allowed some people to give double the maximum.  Denver City Council candidates are not allowed to accept more than $1000 per donor if they are running in a district or $2000 if they are running for an at-large seat.  However, several candidates have raised money from both a business and the owner of the business.

This form of double dipping is one of the key problems created by allowing organizations to donate, whether through a PAC or a business.  It is not at all difficult for a donor to hide their identity by creating shell organizations with unclear names to make the contributions.  Some of the companies that donated were simply named after an address.

One candidate even received $1000 donations each from two Limited Liability Companies that share the same address and have nearly identical names.  Both were also formed in August of 2013.  Under current law, they are separate legal entities and thus allowed to donate $1000 each, even though those contributions clearly violate the spirit of the law creating the contribution limits.

Some of the organizational money incumbents receive comes from organizations regulated by the City and County of Denver.  Despite the clear conflict of interest, several incumbents have accepted major contributions from businesses that are regulated by or that do business with the City of Denver.  For example, Comcast Financial Agency has donated to several incumbents, as has the developer Forest City (as FC Facilitator LLC).  

We hope to continue monitoring these issues to determine the extent to which those contributions are shaping policymaking.  

As with any of our research, we welcome your follow up comments and questions to help guide our future research efforts.


Some Denver City Council Candidates Taking Money from Organizations, but Not All

Note: These results have been updated to include all municipal races on the May, 2015 ballot, as well as information on how much of each candidate's money they provided themselves (due to several requests for this information).  These results now also include all contributions dating back to January 1, 2012, including InKind (non-monetary) contributions.

Candidate Office Total Raised $ from Organizations  % from Organizations   % from Candidate 
Marcus GIAVANNI  Mayor   $-    $-   0% 0%
Paul FIORINO  Mayor   $-    $-   0% 0%
Seku Mayor  $-    $-   0% 0%
Michael HANCOCK  Mayor   $1,151,629.44  $343,402.51 30% 0%
           
Timothy O'BRIEN  Auditor   $43,560.00  $-   0% 46%
Chris NEVITT  Auditor   $190,089.18  $93,200.00 49% 0%
           
Debra JOHNSON  C& R   $8,591.82  $-   0% 23%
Joan POSTON  C& R   $1,000.00  $-   0% 100%
           
Jose SILVA  Council At-large   $1,595.00  $-   0% 0%
Jeffery WASHINGTON  Council At-large   $-    $-   0% 0%
Kayvan KHALATBARI  Council At-large   $14,400.00  $2,600.00 18% 56%
Deborah L. ORTEGA  Council At-large   $52,660.00  $14,500.00 28% 0%
Robin KNIECH  Council At-large   $95,397.14  $32,206.00 34% 0%
           
Rafael ESPINOZA  CD 1   $18,568.30  $-   0% 21%
Susan SHEPHERD  CD 1   $56,137.00  $14,017.00 25% 0%
           
Jeanne LABUDA CD 2   $3,680.00  $-   0% 10%
Fran COLEMAN  CD 2   $9,301.00  $-   0% 0%
Danny LOPEZ  CD 2   $-    $-   0% 0%
Kevin FLYNN  CD 2   $27,558.00  $1,350.00 5% 0%
John E. KIDD Jr.  CD 2   $14,142.71  $1,150.00 8% 24%
           
Paul LOPEZ  CD 3   $9,615.00  $4,050.00 42% 0%
           
Carolina KLEIN  CD 4   $250.00  $-   0% 100%
Kendra Alexis Valis BLACK  CD 4   $132,246.88  $10,200.00 8% 2%
Halisi VINSON  CD 4   $68,468.87  $8,336.00 12% 1%
           
Mary Beth SUSMAN  CD 5   $30,438.66  $8,643.66 28% 0%
           
Paul KASHMANN  CD 6   $53,757.14  $4,498.73 8% 7%
Liz ADAMS  CD 6   $85,902.24  $18,877.67 22% 1%
           
Jacob Hunter VIANO  CD 7   $8,250.00  $250.00 3% 2%
Anne MCGIHON  CD 7   $34,918.77  $2,000.00 6% 0%
Ian HARWICK  CD 7   $15,455.15  $1,700.00 11% 0%
Aaron GRECO  CD 7   $33,049.16  $4,300.00 13% 3%
Jolon CLARK  CD 7   $46,685.00  $6,335.00 14% 3%
Mathews ALVAREZ  CD 7   $4,900.00  $1,000.00 20% 16%
Mickki LANGSTON  CD 7   $25,212.60  $5,236.60 21% 0%
Luchia Ann BROWN  CD 7   $10,430.00  $3,720.00 36% 1%
Michael LEVY  CD 7   $150.00  $150.00 100% 0%
           
Christopher HERNDON CD 8  $75,412.00  $29,099.00 39% 0%
           
Ean TAFOYA  CD 9   $3,265.00  $-   0% 0%
Michael BORCHERDING  CD 9   $9,595.00  $150.00 2% 52%
Albus BROOKS  CD 9   $163,830.92  $58,707.55 36% 1%
           
Travis LEIKER  CD 10   $21,515.50  $-   0% 3%
Chris Cornell WEDOR  CD 10   $32,709.70  $379.70 1% 67%
Chris CHIARI  CD 10   $59,650.00  $1,300.00 2% 84%
Wayne NEW  CD 10   $99,611.60  $3,140.00 3% 4%
Anna JONES  CD 10   $58,217.50  $7,147.00 12% 0%
           
Tim CAMARILLO  CD 11   $-    $-   0% 0%
Stacie GILMORE  CD 11   $32,873.11  $1,250.00 4% 19%
Sean BRADLEY  CD 11   $31,905.00  $2,550.00 8% 0%
Shelli BROWN  CD 11   $18,869.00  $2,600.00 14% 0%
Tea SCHOOK  CD 11   $23,842.52  $4,450.00 19% 1%

Are Colorado Legislators as PAC Dependent as Members of Congress?

After countless volunteer and staff hours, Clean Slate Now has finally been able to complete our initial analysis of special interest group contributions to the state legislators here in Colorado.

We want to make sure these results are easily comparable with our recent report on special interest contributions to Congress, so we focused on the most recent election cycle.  For the Colorado House, we analyze contributions made in 2013 and 2014.  For the Colorado Senate, we analyze contributions made in 2011 through 2014, as Colorado Senators have four-year terms.

Before we get to the results, we need to highlight that Colorado candidates have to follow different rules than Congressional candidates.  The contribution limits are much lower.  For an individual, the limit is $400 per election cycle instead as compared with $5200 for candidates for Congress.

The contribution limit for political committees (Colorado's name for political action committees (PACs)) is also $400, but Colorado law also allows special interest groups to form Small Donor Committees (SDCs), which can contribute as much as $2000 per candidate per election cycle, but can only accept contributions of $50 or less.

Below are key findings, and some lessons learned, from our review of PAC contribution to current members of the Colorado legislature.

Click here to see the results for each member of the Colorado legislature.


Similar Dependence on PACs as Members of Congress
 

When compared to members of the United States House of Representatives, Colorado State Representatives accepted a slightly lower percentage of their campaign funds from special interest group PACs - 44% for Colorado State Representatives as compared with 47% for U.S. Representatives.

March_2015_PAC_Report_Pct_from_House.jpg

 

The percentage of campaign funds coming from PACs for State Senators are much higher than for U.S. Senators.  Colorado State Senators relied on PACs for 37% of their campaign funds, whereas U.S. Senators relied on PACs for only 25% of their funds.

March_2015_PAC_Report_Pct_from_Senate_PACs.jpg

 


Importance Differences Between Colorado Representatives and Colorado Senators

While Colorado State Senators relied on PACs for a greater percentage of their campaign funds than U.S. Senators, they are actually less dependent on PACs than their counterparts in the Colorado House.  

Each of the past two years, Colorado's Representatives raised on average $12,056 from PACs.  Colorado's state Senators raised $9,419 on average from PACs each of the past four years.

In percentage terms, 37% of campaign funds for State Senators came from PACs whereas 44% of campaign funds for State Representatives came from PACs.

 

No-PAC Candidates in the Colorado Legislature

Just like in Congress, there are several members of the Colorado legislature who refuse all PAC money:

Representative Dan Pabon
Representative Lois Court
Senator Irene Aguilar
Senator Michael Johnston

 

Small Donor Committees are a key avenue for special interest groups to buy influence.  If not for the larger contribution limits allowed to small donor committees, Colorado legislators likely would be far less reliant on special interest group PAC money.  In the Colorado House, 58% of the PAC contributions came from SDCs.  In the Colorado Senate, a similar 60% of PAC contributions came from SDCs. 

If SDCs did not exist, Colorado legislators would depend far more on campaign contributions from their constituents and other individuals.

March_2015_PAC_Report_Pct_from_SDCs.jpg

 

 

Key Lessons Learned for Clean Slate Now:

  1. Reliance on PACs for campaign funds is not unique to Congress.  We expected that Colorado state legislators would also rely on PAC money to fund their campaigns, but we did not necessarily know how important it would or would not be.  Now we know that state legislators are not much different than Members of Congress when it comes to how much of their campaign funds come from PACs: much of the money, but not a majority, comes from special interest group PACs.

  2. Asking candidates to say no to PAC money persuades some, and candidates for state legislature have won without PAC money.  Representatives Lois Court and Dan Pabon were both elected after winning competitive campaigns.  In both of their races, they refused special interest PAC money.  They have also remained committed to staying PAC free even after being elected.  While Senators Irene Aguilar and Michael Johnston first entered office as the result of vacancy committee appointments, both have also remained committed to turning down special interest group PAC money in their reelection campaign fundraising. 

  3. Some legislators need help sticking with a no-PAC commitment.  Three other Colorado legislators were elected after committing to turn down PAC money, but have not maintained their status as no-PAC candidates.  Just like most of us need help to stick to a healthy diet, some of our elected officials need help sticking to the commitments they make to voters.

  4. Candidates are willing to say no to PAC money, but need to know how to win without it.  Several of the current members of the Colorado legislature won their first races without PAC money.  Some remained PAC-free after taking office, while others gave into the pressure to take the easy money PACs offer.  The record in Colorado, though, clearly shows that candidates can and do win without relying on PAC money.  It is not the choice made by the majority of legislators, but it could be.


This is our first look at PAC contributions to elected officials at the state level.  What else would you like to know that we could include in our future research?  What do you think of these results?


PAC Money and the Colorado Legislature

After countless volunteer and staff hours, Clean Slate Now has finally been able to complete our initial analysis of special interest group contributions to the state legislators here in Colorado.

Read more

Feb. 2015 Tables of Congressional PAC Money - Latest Election Cycle

In compiling these data, we relied on OpenSecrets.org and FEC.gov campaign finance reports.

 


House of Representatives

Member State Party Total $$ Raised $ from PACs % from PACs
Aderholt, Robert B Alabama R $1,175,936 $419,785 36%
Brooks, Mo Alabama R $614,615 $290,300 47%
Byrne, Bradley Alabama R $1,907,597 $986,351 52%
Palmer, Gary Alabama R $1,880,022 $260,300 14%
Roby, Martha Alabama R $1,098,795 $640,304 58%
Rogers, Mike D Alabama R $1,102,097 $585,340 53%
Sewell, Terri A Alabama D $1,511,862 $1,076,075 71%
Young, Don Alaska R $788,960 $289,540 37%
Franks, Trent Arizona R $424,680 $206,925 49%
Gallego, Ruben Arizona D $936,189 $338,329 36%
Gosar, Paul Arizona R $489,817 $228,550 47%
Grijalva, Raul M Arizona D $589,088 $277,058 47%
Kirkpatrick, Ann Arizona D $3,403,185 $1,082,800 32%
McSally, Martha Arizona R $4,808,014 $541,329 11%
Salmon, Matt Arizona R $934,783 $408,250 44%
Schweikert, David Arizona R $798,349 $252,753 32%
Sinema, Kyrsten Arizona D $3,712,606 $1,380,006 37%
Crawford, Rick Arkansas R $907,123 $483,349 53%
Hill, French Arkansas R $2,198,996 $445,152 20%
Westerman, Bruce Arkansas R $1,030,441 $260,875 25%
Womack, Steve Arkansas R $970,069 $537,989 55%
Aguilar, Pete California D $2,234,756 $690,442 31%
Bass, Karen California D $1,045,813 $460,750 44%
Becerra, Xavier California D $1,852,781 $1,174,697 63%
Bera, Ami California D $4,395,223 $1,443,272 33%
Brownley, Julia California D $3,590,149 $1,098,112 31%
Calvert, Ken California R $1,192,965 $638,763 54%
Capps, Lois California D $2,282,305 $1,008,160 44%
Cardenas, Tony California D $1,013,135 $457,809 45%
Chu, Judy California D $1,168,164 $373,590 32%
Cook, Paul California R $813,372 $454,974 56%
Costa, Jim California D $1,524,076 $688,585 45%
Davis, Susan A California D $610,238 $292,258 48%
Denham, Jeff California R $2,762,283 $1,381,843 50%
DeSaulnier, Mark California D $561,970 $330,846 59%
Eshoo, Anna California D $1,509,756 $778,940 52%
Farr, Sam California D $782,583 $419,378 54%
Garamendi, John California D $1,457,786 $759,092 52%
Hahn, Janice California D $733,850 $512,032 70%
Honda, Mike California D $3,390,694 $875,350 26%
Huffman, Jared California D $908,930 $393,023 43%
Hunter, Duncan D California R $1,269,096 $848,825 67%
Issa, Darrell California R $3,750,000 $725,989 19%
Knight, Steve California R $415,460 $26,650 6%
LaMalfa, Doug California R $732,867 $363,308 50%
Lee, Barbara California D $1,139,240 $299,645 26%
Lieu, Ted California D $2,293,036 $543,129 24%
Lofgren, Zoe California D $1,157,846 $459,520 40%
Lowenthal, Alan California D $823,270 $453,100 55%
Matsui, Doris O California D $1,063,565 $793,139 75%
McCarthy, Kevin California R $5,943,825 $2,866,162 48%
McClintock, Tom California R $1,593,814 $175,493 11%
McNerney, Jerry California D $1,224,433 $458,181 37%
Napolitano, Grace California D $347,168 $264,500 76%
Nunes, Devin California R $2,065,646 $1,422,794 69%
Pelosi, Nancy California D $2,926,898 $1,119,800 38%
Peters, Scott California D $4,544,000 $1,444,160 32%
Rohrabacher, Dana California R $801,570 $31,975 4%
Roybal-Allard, Lucille California D $493,129 $327,700 66%
Royce, Ed California R $3,192,506 $1,122,556 35%
Ruiz, Raul California D $3,409,976 $1,139,548 33%
Sanchez, Linda California D $1,350,030 $927,117 69%
Sanchez, Loretta California D $1,455,237 $618,372 42%
Schiff, Adam California D $916,759 $444,500 48%
Sherman, Brad California D $1,431,583 $643,887 45%
Speier, Jackie California D $1,075,200 $430,737 40%
Swalwell, Eric California D $2,040,208 $813,217 40%
Takano, Mark California D $1,328,194 $338,708 26%
Thompson, Mike California D $1,871,449 $1,177,252 63%
Torres, Norma California D $477,921 $336,000 70%
Valadao, David California R $2,685,195 $1,290,642 48%
Vargas, Juan California D $760,893 $588,857 77%
Walters, Mimi California R $1,430,179 $593,256 41%
Waters, Maxine California D $1,301,923 $563,719 43%
Buck, Ken Colorado R $1,316,179 $299,350 23%
Coffman, Mike Colorado R $4,723,052 $1,397,498 30%
DeGette, Diana Colorado D $1,026,745 $612,749 60%
Lamborn, Douglas L Colorado R $490,021 $327,175 67%
Perlmutter, Edwin G Colorado D $2,046,461 $1,223,423 60%
Polis, Jared Colorado D $1,193,195 $0 0%
Tipton, Scott Colorado R $1,308,463 $462,168 35%
Courtney, Joe Connecticut D $1,396,008 $807,250 58%
DeLauro, Rosa L Connecticut D $1,244,886 $599,367 48%
Esty, Elizabeth Connecticut D $2,952,365 $1,016,712 34%
Himes, Jim Connecticut D $2,654,776 $1,049,873 40%
Larson, John B Connecticut D $1,880,375 $1,137,424 60%
Carney, John Delaware D $1,165,083 $842,755 72%
Bilirakis, Gus Florida R $1,081,571 $662,950 61%
Brown, Corrine Florida D $598,417 $325,325 54%
Buchanan, Vernon Florida R $1,698,712 $671,428 40%
Castor, Kathy Florida D $681,991 $396,700 58%
Clawson, Curt Florida R $4,782,657 $48,750 1%
Crenshaw, Ander Florida R $1,287,441 $747,990 58%
Curbelo, Carlos Florida R $2,357,914 $481,195 20%
DeSantis, Ron Florida R $1,110,622 $459,075 41%
Deutch, Ted Florida D $1,065,501 $383,850 36%
Diaz-Balart, Mario Florida R $942,031 $585,476 62%
Frankel, Lois J Florida D $1,383,775 $401,590 29%
Graham, Gwen Florida D $3,695,749 $688,945 19%
Grayson, Alan Florida D $3,104,575 $294,675 9%
Hastings, Alcee L Florida D $710,345 $329,453 46%
Jolly, David Florida R $2,057,213 $842,507 41%
Mica, John L Florida R $851,622 $466,725 55%
Miller, Jeff Florida R $650,125 $389,800 60%
Murphy, Patrick E Florida D $5,189,700 $1,490,989 29%
Nugent, Richard Florida R $330,970 $211,831 64%
Posey, Bill Florida R $1,131,537 $479,483 42%
Rooney, Tom Florida R $596,061 $390,823 66%
Ros-Lehtinen, Ileana Florida R $1,004,276 $391,733 39%
Ross, Dennis Florida R $1,298,550 $958,490 74%
Schultz, Debbie Wasserman Florida D $2,577,291 $0 0%
Webster, Daniel Florida R $1,002,776 $396,419 40%
Wilson, Frederica Florida D $403,132 $323,500 80%
Yoho, Ted Florida R $810,245 $249,228 31%
Allen, Rick Georgia R $3,133,471 $232,450 7%
Bishop, Sanford Georgia D $1,226,049 $843,944 69%
Carter, Buddy Georgia R $1,825,004 $453,082 25%
Collins, Doug Georgia R $848,530 $431,686 51%
Graves, Tom Georgia R $969,539 $501,700 52%
Hice, Jody Georgia R $952,162 $143,950 15%
Johnson, Hank Georgia D $638,258 $517,500 81%
Lewis, John Georgia D $723,262 $577,475 80%
Loudermilk, Barry Georgia R $1,127,064 $325,950 29%
Price, Tom Georgia R $2,403,022 $1,195,169 50%
Scott, Austin Georgia R $956,177 $579,768 61%
Scott, David Georgia D $1,015,512 $895,840 88%
Westmoreland, Lynn A Georgia R $1,026,118 $618,098 60%
Woodall, Rob Georgia R $494,448 $323,690 65%
Gabbard, Tulsi Hawaii D $1,670,401 $450,757 27%
Takai, Mark Hawaii D $1,829,108 $480,752 26%
Labrador, Raul Idaho R $544,737 $215,350 40%
Simpson, Mike Idaho R $2,466,247 $1,541,775 63%
Bost, Mike Illinois R $1,319,177 $482,384 37%
Bustos, Cheri Illinois D $3,199,627 $1,347,398 42%
Davis, Danny K Illinois D $564,868 $486,933 86%
Davis, Rodney Illinois R $3,491,351 $2,051,656 59%
Dold, Bob Illinois R $3,732,448 $796,990 21%
Duckworth, Tammy Illinois D $3,241,321 $966,439 30%
Foster, Bill Illinois D $2,871,277 $797,379 28%
Gutierrez, Luis V Illinois D $262,850 $204,725 78%
Hultgren, Randy Illinois R $1,182,737 $791,960 67%
Kelly, Robin Illinois D $1,345,389 $528,549 39%
Kinzinger, Adam Illinois R $1,944,119 $1,147,861 59%
Lipinski, Daniel Illinois D $874,348 $600,998 69%
Quigley, Mike Illinois D $914,483 $465,175 51%
Roskam, Peter Illinois R $3,494,076 $1,888,182 54%
Rush, Bobby L Illinois D $349,071 $326,000 93%
Schakowsky, Jan Illinois D $1,334,600 $375,455 28%
Schock, Aaron Illinois R $2,723,250 $1,476,596 54%
Shimkus, John M Illinois R $1,982,069 $1,648,922 83%
Brooks, Susan Indiana R $1,689,676 $706,960 42%
Bucshon, Larry Indiana R $1,125,592 $535,038 48%
Carson, Andre Indiana D $1,155,654 $564,638 49%
Messer, Luke Indiana R $1,253,376 $643,559 51%
Rokita, Todd Indiana R $1,537,040 $502,887 33%
Stutzman, Marlin Indiana R $1,377,396 $730,154 53%
Visclosky, Pete Indiana D $937,818 $618,628 66%
Walorski, Jackie Indiana R $2,055,614 $875,394 43%
Young, Todd Indiana R $2,156,588 $787,499 37%
Blum, Rod Iowa R $1,076,028 $223,730 21%
King, Steven A Iowa R $2,000,377 $405,298 20%
Loebsack, David Iowa D $1,733,368 $945,504 55%
Young, David Iowa R $1,997,690 $692,836 35%
Huelskamp, Tim Kansas R $845,472 $218,550 26%
Jenkins, Lynn Kansas R $2,633,523 $1,649,759 63%
Pompeo, Mike Kansas R $2,518,799 $1,275,283 51%
Yoder, Kevin Kansas R $2,149,036 $897,537 42%
Barr, Andy Kentucky R $2,748,741 $1,117,516 41%
Guthrie, Brett Kentucky R $1,834,726 $1,300,392 71%
Massie, Thomas Kentucky R $638,081 $285,278 45%
Rogers, Hal Kentucky R $1,332,880 $958,090 72%
Whitfield, Ed Kentucky R $1,873,975 $1,459,457 78%
Yarmuth, John A Kentucky D $804,484 $507,686 63%
Abraham, Ralph Louisiana R $824,819 $141,100 17%
Boustany, Charles W Jr Louisiana R $2,295,050 $1,273,640 55%
Fleming, John Louisiana R $1,512,622 $298,975 20%
Graves, Garret Louisiana R $2,022,332 $496,810 25%
Richmond, Cedric Louisiana D $1,300,571 $913,242 70%
Scalise, Steve Louisiana R $2,617,334 $1,843,872 70%
Pingree, Chellie Maine D $435,540 $107,000 25%
Poliquin, Bruce Maine R $1,719,094 $271,474 16%
Cummings, Elijah E Maryland D $898,537 $601,307 67%
Delaney, John K Maryland D $2,607,470 $682,076 26%
Edwards, Donna Maryland D $573,482 $395,900 69%
Harris, Andy Maryland R $1,296,624 $460,220 35%
Hoyer, Steny H Maryland D $3,869,179 $2,379,765 62%
Ruppersberger, Dutch Maryland D $1,085,269 $698,517 64%
Sarbanes, John Maryland D $775,892 $0 0%
Van Hollen, Chris Maryland D $1,055,849 $713,319 68%
Capuano, Michael E Massachusetts D $870,554 $557,304 64%
Clark, Katherine Massachusetts D $2,246,750 $432,113 19%
Keating, Bill Massachusetts D $1,185,655 $633,723 53%
Kennedy, Joe III Massachusetts D $2,694,291 $513,984 19%
Lynch, Stephen F Massachusetts D $2,542,069 $215,007 8%
McGovern, James P Massachusetts D $874,483 $373,350 43%
Moulton, Seth Massachusetts D $3,363,693 $373,850 11%
Neal, Richard E Massachusetts D $1,809,130 $1,451,273 80%
Tsongas, Niki Massachusetts D $1,227,146 $306,275 25%
Amash, Justin Michigan R $1,800,540 $124,750 7%
Benishek, Dan Michigan R $2,114,648 $1,038,194 49%
Bishop, Mike Michigan R $1,059,488 $492,217 46%
Conyers, John Jr Michigan D $778,668 $584,436 75%
Dingell, Debbie Michigan D $1,600,331 $636,942 40%
Huizenga, Bill Michigan R $1,277,352 $709,427 56%
Kildee, Dan Michigan D $913,951 $610,000 67%
Lawrence, Brenda Michigan D $776,976 $244,400 31%
Levin, Sander Michigan D $1,453,214 $1,094,839 75%
Miller, Candice S Michigan R $850,673 $511,318 60%
Moolenaar, John Michigan R $1,156,763 $453,980 39%
Trott, Dave Michigan R $5,008,648 $239,980 5%
Upton, Fred Michigan R $3,926,018 $2,668,096 68%
Walberg, Tim Michigan R $1,827,643 $779,489 43%
Ellison, Keith Minnesota D $2,090,932 $350,094 17%
Emmer, Tom Minnesota R $2,049,150 $278,900 14%
Kline, John Minnesota R $2,776,557 $1,220,473 44%
McCollum, Betty Minnesota D $863,235 $479,975 56%
Nolan, Rick Minnesota D $2,098,794 $953,390 45%
Paulsen, Erik Minnesota R $3,196,225 $1,391,403 44%
Peterson, Collin Minnesota D $1,585,615 $1,189,567 75%
Walz, Timothy J Minnesota D $1,575,564 $672,763 43%
Harper, Gregg Mississippi R $1,279,952 $535,100 42%
Palazzo, Steven Mississippi R $967,254 $516,002 53%
Thompson, Bennie G Mississippi D $1,202,666 $925,395 77%
Clay, William L Jr Missouri D $587,591 $491,304 84%
Cleaver, Emanuel Missouri D $986,750 $730,423 74%
Graves, Sam Missouri R $1,263,609 $1,082,155 86%
Hartzler, Vicky Missouri R $932,704 $329,453 35%
Long, Billy Missouri R $1,199,797 $602,316 50%
Luetkemeyer, Blaine Missouri R $1,299,136 $803,115 62%
Smith, Jason Missouri R $1,735,609 $829,005 48%
Wagner, Ann L Missouri R $2,329,338 $1,259,128 54%
Zinke, Ryan Montana R $4,748,870 $421,912 9%
Ashford, Brad Nebraska D $1,231,958 $338,453 27%
Fortenberry, Jeff Nebraska R $784,737 $332,671 42%
Smith, Adrian Nebraska R $1,034,587 $750,985 73%
Amodei, Mark Nevada R $705,027 $336,550 48%
Hardy, Cresent Nevada R $444,952 $92,810 21%
Heck, Joe Nevada R $2,484,963 $1,079,702 43%
Titus, Dina Nevada D $1,086,760 $531,014 49%
Guinta, Frank New Hampshire R $1,245,869 $537,385 43%
Kuster, Ann Mclane New Hampshire D $3,665,168 $1,110,084 30%
Frelinghuysen, Rodney New Jersey R $1,348,295 $633,576 47%
Garrett, Scott New Jersey R $2,078,660 $971,050 47%
Lance, Leonard New Jersey R $1,188,889 $629,623 53%
LoBiondo, Frank A New Jersey R $2,128,409 $1,344,243 63%
MacArthur, Tom New Jersey R $5,653,128 $283,041 5%
Norcross, Don New Jersey D $2,101,757 $780,140 37%
Pallone, Frank Jr New Jersey D $2,390,700 $1,110,525 46%
Pascrell, Bill Jr New Jersey D $1,765,754 $1,000,601 57%
Payne, Donald M Jr New Jersey D $554,692 $388,032 70%
Sires, Albio New Jersey D $659,464 $370,175 56%
Smith, Chris New Jersey R $486,140 $177,365 36%
Watson Coleman, Bonnie New Jersey D $1,395,927 $443,453 32%
Grisham, Michelle Lujan New Mexico D $1,683,360 $794,534 47%
Lujan, Ben R New Mexico D $1,267,973 $798,941 63%
Pearce, Steve New Mexico R $2,070,663 $502,074 24%
Clarke, Yvette D New York D $624,079 $370,115 59%
Collins, Chris New York R $961,191 $444,601 46%
Crowley, Joseph New York D $3,113,565 $1,698,994 55%
Engel, Eliot L New York D $1,237,732 $457,175 37%
Gibson, Chris New York R $3,173,356 $1,479,129 47%
Hanna, Richard New York R $1,031,286 $607,581 59%
Higgins, Brian M New York D $851,431 $324,734 38%
Israel, Steve New York D $3,812,938 $1,336,490 35%
Jeffries, Hakeem New York D $1,113,687 $472,890 42%
Katko, John New York R $1,004,766 $179,675 18%
King, Pete New York R $1,307,269 $527,000 40%
Lowey, Nita M New York D $2,133,891 $499,173 23%
Maloney, Carolyn B New York D $1,410,064 $695,787 49%
Maloney, Sean Patrick New York D $4,256,016 $1,295,959 30%
Meeks, Gregory W New York D $1,017,709 $798,800 78%
Meng, Grace New York D $1,188,851 $247,951 21%
Nadler, Jerrold New York D $1,143,415 $467,875 41%
Rangel, Charles B New York D $1,499,825 $467,200 31%
Reed, Tom New York R $3,441,589 $1,890,662 55%
Rice, Kathleen New York D $3,507,500 $667,736 19%
Serrano, Jose E New York D $192,203 $163,750 85%
Slaughter, Louise M New York D $1,112,376 $611,775 55%
Stefanik, Elise New York R $1,915,718 $576,665 30%
Tonko, Paul New York D $1,014,130 $679,617 67%
Velazquez, Nydia M New York D $739,115 $349,250 47%
Zeldin, Lee New York R $1,861,022 $364,683 20%
Adams, Alma North Carolina D $766,898 $308,831 40%
Butterfield, G K North Carolina D $852,624 $683,007 80%
Ellmers, Renee North Carolina R $1,844,808 $1,296,581 70%
Foxx, Virginia North Carolina R $1,274,173 $464,116 36%
Holding, George North Carolina R $1,461,660 $540,627 37%
Hudson, Richard North Carolina R $1,507,108 $922,645 61%
Jones, Walter B Jr North Carolina R $704,722 $301,156 43%
McHenry, Patrick North Carolina R $1,736,285 $1,011,231 58%
Meadows, Mark R North Carolina R $533,258 $301,999 57%
Pittenger, Robert North Carolina R $1,023,930 $475,107 46%
Price, David North Carolina D $839,562 $467,590 56%
Rouzer, David North Carolina R $1,504,846 $555,028 37%
Walker, Mark North Carolina R $839,378 $191,740 23%
Cramer, Kevin North Dakota R $1,492,880 $535,651 36%
Beatty, Joyce Ohio D $888,412 $641,934 72%
Boehner, John Ohio R $17,446,641 $2,321,650 13%
Chabot, Steve Ohio R $938,321 $374,871 40%
Fudge, Marcia L Ohio D $965,127 $774,520 80%
Gibbs, Bob Ohio R $1,131,855 $707,953 63%
Johnson, Bill Ohio R $2,233,991 $1,200,093 54%
Jordan, Jim Ohio R $937,570 $376,636 40%
Joyce, David P Ohio R $2,450,616 $1,220,796 50%
Kaptur, Marcy Ohio D $891,853 $668,900 75%
Latta, Robert E Ohio R $1,217,262 $622,919 51%
Renacci, Jim Ohio R $2,060,080 $1,157,403 56%
Ryan, Tim Ohio D $1,048,541 $611,857 58%
Stivers, Steve Ohio R $2,736,492 $1,531,512 56%
Tiberi, Patrick J Ohio R $3,291,477 $2,110,892 64%
Turner, Michael R Ohio R $1,072,743 $528,904 49%
Wenstrup, Brad Ohio R $1,079,605 $400,843 37%
Bridenstine, James Oklahoma R $721,036 $251,963 35%
Cole, Tom Oklahoma R $1,338,212 $580,824 43%
Lucas, Frank D Oklahoma R $1,382,057 $986,213 71%
Mullin, Markwayne Oklahoma R $1,271,635 $559,056 44%
Russell, Steve Oklahoma R $847,748 $202,450 24%
Blumenauer, Earl Oregon D $1,199,958 $822,684 69%
Bonamici, Suzanne Oregon D $971,857 $523,299 54%
DeFazio, Peter Oregon D $1,247,942 $628,479 50%
Schrader, Kurt Oregon D $1,637,572 $1,013,931 62%
Walden, Greg Oregon R $3,498,327 $2,027,651 58%
Barletta, Lou Pennsylvania R $1,265,318 $601,994 48%
Boyle, Brendan Pennsylvania D $1,341,504 $662,015 49%
Brady, Robert A Pennsylvania D $722,246 $343,000 47%
Cartwright, Matt Pennsylvania D $1,285,726 $338,840 26%
Costello, Ryan Pennsylvania R $1,796,443 $886,826 49%
Dent, Charlie Pennsylvania R $1,762,781 $911,928 52%
Doyle, Mike Pennsylvania D $858,650 $666,150 78%
Fattah, Chaka Pennsylvania D $496,475 $345,650 70%
Fitzpatrick, Michael G Pennsylvania R $3,052,527 $1,174,469 38%
Kelly, Mike Pennsylvania R $1,623,901 $1,021,397 63%
Marino, Tom Pennsylvania R $1,019,619 $520,674 51%
Meehan, Patrick Pennsylvania R $1,995,783 $1,139,563 57%
Murphy, Tim Pennsylvania R $1,854,010 $1,151,924 62%
Perry, Scott Pennsylvania R $624,763 $330,125 53%
Pitts, Joe Pennsylvania R $1,287,842 $1,042,620 81%
Rothfus, Keith J Pennsylvania R $2,322,565 $824,858 36%
Shuster, Bill Pennsylvania R $4,054,875 $2,164,533 53%
Thompson, Glenn Pennsylvania R $1,304,139 $497,739 38%
Cicilline, David Rhode Island D $1,388,448 $363,400 26%
Langevin, Jim Rhode Island D $1,122,854 $568,160 51%
Clyburn, James E South Carolina D $2,202,607 $1,801,189 82%
Duncan, Jeff South Carolina R $612,928 $355,500 58%
Gowdy, Trey South Carolina R $670,748 $433,559 65%
Mulvaney, Mick South Carolina R $1,167,623 $703,259 60%
Rice, Tom South Carolina R $1,147,855 $480,494 42%
Sanford, Mark South Carolina R $1,695,976 $239,680 14%
Wilson, Joe South Carolina R $1,182,238 $534,977 45%
Noem, Kristi South Dakota R $2,352,657 $820,651 35%
Black, Diane Tennessee R $1,334,513 $910,420 68%
Blackburn, Marsha Tennessee R $2,086,901 $1,226,413 59%
Cohen, Steve Tennessee D $732,896 $468,640 64%
Cooper, Jim Tennessee D $762,303 $316,495 42%
Desjarlais, Scott Tennessee R $658,971 $146,931 22%
Duncan, John J Jr Tennessee R $509,941 $340,000 67%
Fincher, Steve Tennessee R $1,723,988 $817,130 47%
Fleischmann, Chuck Tennessee R $1,591,286 $706,883 44%
Roe, Phil Tennessee R $522,428 $0 0%
Babin, Brian Texas R $1,110,764 $369,615 33%
Barton, Joe Texas R $1,172,496 $634,531 54%
Brady, Kevin Texas R $2,525,941 $1,576,224 62%
Burgess, Michael Texas R $1,178,543 $897,794 76%
Carter, John Texas R $992,734 $508,967 51%
Castro, Joaquin Texas D $1,296,471 $630,414 49%
Conaway, Mike Texas R $2,010,703 $1,030,635 51%
Cuellar, Henry Texas D $1,509,460 $777,817 52%
Culberson, John Texas R $719,440 $318,814 44%
Doggett, Lloyd Texas D $1,062,141 $366,750 35%
Farenthold, Blake Texas R $1,124,960 $437,214 39%
Flores, Bill Texas R $1,241,673 $646,041 52%
Gohmert, Louis B Jr Texas R $767,285 $176,664 23%
Granger, Kay Texas R $1,315,138 $531,521 40%
Green, Al Texas D $530,714 $148,550 28%
Green, Gene Texas D $1,001,293 $813,552 81%
Hensarling, Jeb Texas R $3,121,515 $1,524,898 49%
Hinojosa, Ruben Texas D $496,824 $355,500 72%
Hurd, Will Texas R $1,515,959 $296,550 20%
Jackson Lee, Sheila Texas D $436,661 $182,500 42%
Johnson, Eddie Bernice Texas D $560,055 $397,321 71%
Johnson, Sam Texas R $970,541 $546,482 56%
Marchant, Kenny Texas R $804,262 $616,364 77%
McCaul, Michael Texas R $1,633,177 $833,981 51%
Neugebauer, Randy Texas R $1,668,262 $1,025,030 61%
O'Rourke, Beto Texas D $504,421 $179,900 36%
Olson, Pete Texas R $1,482,852 $701,696 47%
Poe, Ted Texas R $924,138 $370,137 40%
Ratcliffe, John Texas R $1,429,856 $169,600 12%
Sessions, Pete Texas R $2,567,778 $1,271,432 50%
Smith, Lamar Texas R $1,455,927 $762,669 52%
Thornberry, Mac Texas R $1,610,236 $687,546 43%
Veasey, Marc Texas D $1,407,491 $712,605 51%
Vela, Filemon Texas D $821,878 $415,099 51%
Weber, Randy Texas R $817,175 $282,499 35%
Williams, Roger Texas R $1,890,662 $524,151 28%
Bishop, Rob Utah R $559,345 $390,450 70%
Chaffetz, Jason Utah R $967,465 $598,823 62%
Love, Mia Utah R $5,315,812 $463,802 9%
Stewart, Chris Utah R $758,016 $444,500 59%
Welch, Peter Vermont D $1,151,256 $747,717 65%
Beyer, Don Virginia D $2,774,273 $613,180 22%
Brat, Dave Virginia R $1,469,112 $188,125 13%
Comstock, Barbara Virginia R $3,464,538 $903,483 26%
Connolly, Gerry Virginia D $1,996,341 $960,810 48%
Forbes, Randy Virginia R $1,432,349 $474,854 33%
Goodlatte, Bob Virginia R $2,019,678 $1,275,384 63%
Griffith, Morgan Virginia R $921,871 $575,133 62%
Hurt, Robert Virginia R $1,307,800 $689,008 53%
Rigell, Scott Virginia R $1,564,606 $589,949 38%
Scott, Bobby Virginia D $511,673 $378,090 74%
Wittman, Rob Virginia R $1,210,489 $600,550 50%
DelBene, Suzan Washington D $2,382,341 $1,172,553 49%
Heck, Dennis Washington D $1,884,167 $987,396 52%
Herrera Beutler, Jaime Washington R $1,744,491 $572,423 33%
Kilmer, Derek Washington D $2,012,793 $891,225 44%
Larsen, Rick Washington D $1,070,865 $797,750 74%
McDermott, Jim Washington D $591,924 $425,550 72%
McMorris Rodgers, Cathy Washington R $2,698,350 $1,313,788 49%
Newhouse, Dan Washington R $1,004,264 $279,500 28%
Reichert, Dave Washington R $1,301,442 $724,891 56%
Smith, Adam Washington D $1,091,661 $715,900 66%
Jenkins, Evan West Virginia R $1,652,134 $447,516 27%
McKinley, David West Virginia R $1,566,913 $827,606 53%
Mooney, Alex West Virginia R $1,974,827 $619,525 31%
Duffy, Sean P Wisconsin R $2,539,782 $1,171,049 46%
Grothman, Glenn Wisconsin R $1,165,615 $293,952 25%
Kind, Ron Wisconsin D $2,161,647 $1,554,207 72%
Moore, Gwen Wisconsin D $1,031,481 $733,450 71%
Pocan, Mark Wisconsin D $1,031,013 $556,806 54%
Ribble, Reid Wisconsin R $1,703,029 $780,301 46%
Ryan, Paul Wisconsin R $9,358,582 $2,306,014 25%
Sensenbrenner, James Jr Wisconsin R $438,376 $233,400 53%
Lummis, Cynthia Marie Wyoming R $432,665 $304,850 70%

U.S. Senate

Member State Party Total $$ Raised $ from PACs % from PACs
Sessions, Jeff Alabama R $1,712,253 $961,315 56%
Shelby, Richard C Alabama R $6,734,614 $2,337,750 35%
Murkowski, Lisa Alaska R $5,811,798 $2,626,611 45%
Sullivan, Daniel Alaska R $7,977,267 $834,683 10%
Flake, Jeff Arizona R $9,504,266 $1,674,838 18%
McCain, John Arizona R $21,581,038 $1,189,791 6%
Boozman, John Arkansas R $4,257,805 $781,477 18%
Cotton, Tom Arkansas R $13,904,492 $1,853,668 13%
Boxer, Barbara California D $13,847,475 $1,431,106 10%
Feinstein, Dianne California D $11,887,918 $2,300,667 19%
Bennet, Michael F Colorado D $15,672,149 $3,028,312 19%
Gardner, Cory Colorado R $12,302,236 $2,427,288 20%
Blumenthal, Richard Connecticut D $10,084,993 $1,452,575 14%
Murphy, Christopher S Connecticut D $11,197,394 $1,847,480 16%
Carper, Tom Delaware D $4,929,191 $2,886,355 59%
Coons, Chris Delaware D $9,676,246 $3,147,119 33%
Nelson, Bill Florida D $16,172,400 $3,115,894 19%
Rubio, Marco Florida R $30,554,421 $2,154,526 7%
Isakson, Johnny Georgia R $9,422,559 $3,213,697 34%
Perdue, David Georgia R $13,814,847 $1,464,151 11%
Hirono, Mazie K Hawaii D $6,152,466 $1,190,979 19%
Schatz, Brian Hawaii D $6,109,936 $1,267,850 21%
Crapo, Mike Idaho R $5,284,874 $2,818,736 53%
Risch, James E Idaho R $2,902,855 $1,192,563 41%
Durbin, Dick Illinois D $10,320,048 $2,540,428 25%
Kirk, Mark Illinois R $17,966,562 $3,207,837 18%
Coats, Dan Indiana R $6,250,908 $2,048,694 33%
Donnelly, Joe Indiana D $6,797,423 $1,769,746 26%
Ernst, Joni Iowa R $12,011,101 $1,484,523 12%
Grassley, Chuck Iowa R $6,752,465 $3,183,505 47%
Moran, Jerry Kansas R $6,392,794 $2,553,561 40%
Roberts, Pat Kansas R $8,040,544 $3,882,584 48%
McConnell, Mitch Kentucky R $30,845,825 $6,437,809 21%
Paul, Rand Kentucky R $14,009,888 $722,557 5%
Cassidy, Bill Louisiana R $15,548,343 $1,875,792 12%
Vitter, David Louisiana R $11,438,682 $2,559,496 22%
Collins, Susan M Maine R $6,228,159 $2,773,062 45%
King, Angus Maine I $3,098,168 $513,685 17%
Cardin, Ben Maryland D $6,838,962 $2,727,360 40%
Mikulski, Barbara A Maryland D $5,304,361 $2,111,611 40%
Markey, Ed Massachusetts D $18,624,052 $2,699,717 14%
Warren, Elizabeth Massachusetts D $45,964,247 $749,458 2%
Peters, Gary Michigan D $10,024,419 $2,156,334 22%
Stabenow, Debbie Michigan D $14,161,784 $3,872,880 27%
Franken, Al Minnesota D $30,770,856 $1,715,701 6%
Klobuchar, Amy Minnesota D $10,070,791 $2,744,623 27%
Cochran, Thad Mississippi R $7,388,054 $3,333,752 45%
Wicker, Roger Mississippi R $4,599,017 $2,016,737 44%
Blunt, Roy Missouri R $15,464,641 $4,356,546 28%
McCaskill, Claire Missouri D $21,055,467 $2,692,788 13%
Daines, Steven Montana R $7,512,470 $1,914,010 25%
Tester, Jon Montana D $13,930,410 $3,107,603 22%
Fischer, Deb Nebraska R $5,831,027 $1,429,974 25%
Sasse, Ben Nebraska R $6,652,548 $1,146,842 17%
Heller, Dean Nevada R $10,296,690 $2,757,353 27%
Reid, Harry Nevada D $23,812,691 $4,952,717 21%
Ayotte, Kelly New Hampshire R $8,406,351 $2,535,680 30%
Shaheen, Jeanne New Hampshire D $16,515,174 $2,565,464 16%
Booker, Cory New Jersey D $17,718,139 $1,880,427 11%
Menendez, Robert New Jersey D $16,754,724 $2,958,734 18%
Heinrich, Martin New Mexico D $7,311,487 $1,356,771 19%
Udall, Tom New Mexico D $8,441,116 $1,794,562 21%
Gillibrand, Kirsten New York D $30,322,285 $5,097,290 17%
Schumer, Charles E New York D $25,578,359 $4,067,820 16%
Burr, Richard North Carolina R $8,910,533 $3,047,777 34%
Tillis, Thom North Carolina R $11,000,378 $1,557,586 14%
Heitkamp, Heidi North Dakota D $6,530,709 $1,584,344 24%
Hoeven, John North Dakota R $4,696,671 $1,612,803 34%
Brown, Sherrod Ohio D $25,406,082 $3,340,360 13%
Portman, Rob Ohio R $19,137,106 $3,676,539 19%
Inhofe, James M Oklahoma R $4,841,285 $1,769,196 37%
Lankford, James Oklahoma R $4,277,787 $1,022,690 24%
Merkley, Jeff Oregon D $12,018,377 $2,270,187 19%
Wyden, Ron Oregon D $9,808,752 $3,642,535 37%
Casey, Bob Pennsylvania D $14,681,759 $3,245,775 22%
Toomey, Pat Pennsylvania R $26,610,308 $3,710,824 14%
Reed, Jack Rhode Island D $3,960,335 $1,938,137 49%
Whitehouse, Sheldon Rhode Island D $4,816,336 $1,399,388 29%
Graham, Lindsey South Carolina R $11,056,889 $2,173,832 20%
Scott, Tim South Carolina R $6,809,517 $2,610,033 38%
Rounds, Mike South Dakota R $5,256,218 $1,519,455 29%
Thune, John South Dakota R $11,985,182 $3,416,006 29%
Alexander, Lamar Tennessee R $8,201,067 $2,865,110 35%
Corker, Bob Tennessee R $12,590,156 $2,870,517 23%
Cornyn, John Texas R $17,223,563 $4,058,842 24%
Cruz, Ted Texas R $18,383,145 $1,640,864 9%
Hatch, Orrin G Utah R $11,510,331 $4,858,123 42%
Lee, Mike Utah R $3,860,376 $889,912 23%
Leahy, Patrick Vermont D $4,583,423 $1,262,486 28%
Sanders, Bernie Vermont I $8,173,915 $520,061 6%
Kaine, Tim Virginia D $19,044,379 $1,478,850 8%
Warner, Mark Virginia D $17,093,163 $3,922,281 23%
Cantwell, Maria Washington D $12,684,881 $0 0%
Murray, Patty Washington D $16,694,426 $3,437,210 21%
Capito, Shelley Moore West Virginia R $7,858,642 $2,350,094 30%
Manchin, Joe West Virginia D $9,949,737 $3,455,692 35%
Baldwin, Tammy Wisconsin D $15,883,764 $1,260,340 8%
Johnson, Ron Wisconsin R $18,631,193 $1,218,773 7%
Barrasso, John A Wyoming R $5,379,607 $2,441,969 45%
Enzi, Mike Wyoming R $3,772,045 $2,173,925 58%
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